Celebrated photographer artist Rodger Ballen launches Inside Out Centre of the Arts in Johannesburg through an impressive debut exhibition

This newly opened privately owned art centre in Forest Town has an impressive public education programme.

By Edward Tsumele, CITYLIFE/ARTS Editor

If you visit the  country’s brand new privately owned museum in Forest Town’ Johannesburg, you would immediately feel as if you are deep in the animal Kingdom where humans have gone crazy killing the animals in their numbers.  You will be confronted with a grim picture of how over the years powerful people who include  Churchill, Roosevelt, and King Edward amongst others, are captured in photographs proudly slaughtering lions, elephants, rhinos, cheetahs and other creatures as some sort of game. The exhibition traces this clearly backward culture of colonialists coming to Africa to slaughter animals as some sort of crazy game and display of dangerous masculinity to the 1860s.

Inside Out Centre of the Arts is in fact one of an increasing number of privately owned museums that have in recent years opened around the country including their nearby Johannesburg Contemporary Art Foundation situated literally a stone’s throw from this new museum. And of course there is the Norval Foundation and Zeitz Mocca, both in Cape Town, which have also been opened by individuals who care about preserving Africa’s art heritage as well as public art education. These privately owned museums are in fact making public museums look irrelevant due to neglect from authorities and the cutting of their budgets that has somehow gone crazy in the past few years.

Shack (Marguerite Rossouw)

But today we are not talking about that, but the new kid on the block, Inside Out Centre of the Arts founded by multiple decorated photographer and artist Roger Ballen.  CITYLIFE/ARTS was recently invited along with other media houses to the unveiling of this important museum as well as its debut exhibition as well as the unveiling of the museum’s impressive public programmes being handled by Ballen’s  daughter  Amanda Ballen.

Roger Ballen’s Inside Out Centre for the Arts launched with an inaugural exhibition 

End of the Game on Tuesday 28 March 2023, h an exhibition that highlights the ecological crisis of the African continent.

Underworld, 2015 (Roger Ballen)

Going by its current impressive exhibition and the public programmes that are part of this important art institution, Ballen’s Inside Out Centre is set to become a significant landmark on the bustling Jan Smuts Avenue. Together with the Johannesburg Holocaust & Genocide Museum and the Joburg Contemporary Art Foundation, it forms part of a trio of cultural centres in the central suburb of Forest Town. This area is situated close to the historical landmark of Constitutional Hill and the gallery-dense, restaurant-rich area of Rosebank, offering visitors to these areas an immersive art experience in these areas.

In essence The Inside Out Centre for the Arts is an art exhibition space and educational centre.

It will present shows that explore issues related to the African continent from a distinctively aesthetic and psychological perspective. The Centre will also facilitate a dynamic programme of educational talks, panel discussions, masterclasses and presentations that reflect on the current exhibition and on topics relevant to arts and culture. 

Boy with guns, Western Transvaal, 1993.

The opening of the Inside Out Centre for the Arts has been years in the making. The Roger Ballen Foundation, established in 2007 and renamed the Inside Out Trust Foundation, is dedicated to the advancement of education through the arts in South Africa. The Foundation has sponsored exhibitions in Johannesburg of notable international artists and brought guest lecturers to students in the city. After some time, Ballen felt that the Foundation needed a home so that shows and programmes could run on an ongoing basis. In January 2018, he finally found a property in an ideal location to bring his project to fruition. The Inside Out Centre was built on this piece of land.

The name ‘Inside Out’ reflects the idea that the Centre’s exhibitions will encourage introspection, and the design of the building itself is inspired by the same objective. Raw concrete is used on the interior and exterior surfaces of the building, the latter of which conceals the entrance that opens into a breath-taking, double-volume, naturally lit space. 

“I sometimes think that the building looks like it has been turned ‘inside out’,” comments Ballen, who worked closely with local architect Joe van Rooyen of JVR Architects to create a landmark building with presence and personality. 

The inaugural show, End of the Game, grapples with the decimation of wildlife in Africa through both an historical and artistic lens. 

Using documentary photographs, artefacts and film clips along with Ballen’s photographs and installations,  the exhibition attempts to record and highlight the historical significance and context of the ‘Golden Age’ of African hunting expeditions by colonialists and powerful Western figureheads — such as Churchill, Theodore Roosevelt, King Edward VIII and Hemingway — which took place from the mid 1800s onwards. In true Ballenesque form, the artist’s approach delves into the deeper psychological relationship that man has to the natural world. 


The exhibition chronicles the practice of unrestrained hunting which has resulted in the ecological devastation we face today. Poaching remains a significant threat to many African species, including elephants, rhinos and big cats. 

According to the World Wildlife Fund, in recent years, an estimated 20 000 elephants have been killed every year for their ivory, and 1 000 rhinos were killed in South Africa alone in 2020.

Countries such as South Africa, Namibia, Zimbabwe and Tanzania continue to attract international trophy hunters despite concerns about animal welfare, sustainability and ethical issues associated with this practice. The illegal trade of wildlife continues. 

“This exhibition,” says Ballen, “encourages vital discussions about our treatment of animals, wildlife management, responsible tourism and environmental stewardship in our current world.”

Since the beginning of Ballen’s artistic career, the animal has been an important symbol in his work. The artworks in End of the Game are taken from various series from the mid-80s onwards, and comprise the mediums of photography, installation, painting and drawing. 


Portraits of gunmen have been selected from one of Ballen’s early photographic series, taken in the South African countryside and entitled Platteland: Images from Rural South Africa (1994). Some years after this series, Ballen began photographing on the outskirts of Johannesburg. The disappearance of the human subject, the emergence of the animal in various forms, and the presence of linear figures and drawings characterise his later series, most of which were published as books. 

These series, namely Outland (2001), Shadow Chamber (2005), Boarding House (2009),  Asylum of the Birds (2014)and Roger’s Rats (2017), demonstrate Ballen’s characteristic style, which can be described as theatrical, dark, dreamlike and absurd. 

Light boxes made from the Theatre of Apparitions (2016) images, shown at the Venice Biennale in 2022, also appear. For this series, Roger Ballen and Marguerite Rossouw painted and drew ghost-like figures on the windows of a Johannesburg warehouse and photographed these creations. 

The exhibition includes some of the artist’s latest coloured photographs, dating from 2017 onwards, marking his transition into colour after 50 years of working exclusively in black-and-white.

Over the last decade, Ballen has been creating installations to accompany his photographs in various exhibitions. Most of these installations are made from found objects collected by the artist over the last 40 years. In this exhibition, the photographs and the three-dimensional artworks enhance the experience of what is now referred to as the distinctive style of the Ballenesque. 

Together, these pieces from Ballen’s oeuvre probe the complex relationship between human and animal through the artist’s aesthetic. In most cases, this relationship is adversarial, exploitative and destructive, and is reflective of a dystopian world in ecological crisis.

Divided Self

“A central challenge in my career has been to locate the animal in the human being and the human being in the animal,” says Ballen, “and the rooms that I photograph represent the conflictual relationship between civilisation and nature, where opposites attract and break apart in a world built not on logic, but on irrationality. Delirium, mirage, dreams and nightmares coexist and cannot be categorised as light or dark.” 

Exhibition viewing is by appointment only. Bookings can be made on the Inside Out Centre for the Arts website.

Tickets cost R150. This price includes a copy of the catalogue for the inaugural exhibition, End of the Game.

For further information visit www.insideoutcentreforthearts.com

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